منتدي ممدوح عزت موسي MAMDOUH EZAT MOUSA FORUM

هلا وسهلا بك عزيزي الزائر لمنتدي النخبه..منتدي ممدوح عزت موسي
أن لم تكن مسجلا ارجو سرعة التسجيل حتي نستمتع بوجودك معنا عضوا متميزا
نورت المنتدي وزدته بهاءا ونورا
منتدي ممدوح عزت موسي MAMDOUH EZAT MOUSA FORUM

محبي االقصه العربيه والثقافه والفنون الزواج والأسره وشئون المرأه المال والاقتصاد والعلوم الطبيه والعلوم الهندسيه بمختلف تخصصاتها والدين والدنيا

المنتدي يرحب بالأعضاء جميعا وفي انتظار رأي الجميع فيما يتم نشره بالمنتدي ومقترحات الأعضاء في تطوير المنتدي بما يتوافق مع الأحتياجات العلميه والأدبيه والفنيه

المواضيع الأخيرة

التبادل الاعلاني

ديسمبر 2016

الأحدالإثنينالثلاثاءالأربعاءالخميسالجمعةالسبت
    123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031

اليومية اليومية


    INSULATION RESISTANCE TEST

    شاطر

    ممدوح عزت موسي
    مدير عام المنتدي
    المشرف العام
    مشرف منتدي القصه
    مشرف منتدي العلوم الهندسيه
    مدير عام المنتدي  المشرف العاممشرف منتدي القصهمشرف منتدي العلوم الهندسيه

    عدد المساهمات : 350
    التميز : 9
    تاريخ التسجيل : 13/05/2010

    INSULATION RESISTANCE TEST

    مُساهمة من طرف ممدوح عزت موسي في الخميس يناير 13, 2011 1:39 pm


    INSULATION RESISTANCE TEST

    The Insulation Resistance Test is the second test required by the electrical safety testing standards.
    The Insulation Resistance Test consists in measuring the Insulation resistance of a device under test, while phase and neutral are short circuited together. The measured resistance has to be higher than the indicated limit from the international standards.
    A megohmmeter (also called insulation resistance tester, teraohmmeter) is then used to measure the ohmic value of an insulator under a direct voltage of great stability.
    To measure a high value resistance, techniques for measuring a low value current are used. A constant voltage source is applied to the resistance to be measured and the resulting current is read on a highly sensitive ammeter circuit that can display the resistance value.
    Two types of ammeter circuits are used on our range of insulation resistance tester, each circuit being chosen depending on the resistance values to be measured.
    INSULATION TEST
    Its objective is to measure the ohmmic value of the insulation under a direct voltage of great stability, generally 50, 100, 250, 500, or 1000 VDC. The ohmmic value of the insulation resistance is expressed in megohms (MΩ). To conform to specific standards, the insulation resistance test can be performed under voltages up to 1500VDC. Due to the stability of the voltage source, it is possible to adjust the test voltage by steps of 1 volt.
    The stability of the voltage is critical; a non regulated voltage will drop sharply in presence of a bad insulation which will cause an erroneous measurement.
    SHUNT AMMETER CIRCUIT
    [ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]
    The voltmeter input, associated to a resistance, forms the shunt ammeter circuit. This setting allows measuring any value of I, many combinations of sensitivity and values of RI.
    This circuit is used for current measurement of high values which correspond to resistance measurement of low values (l x l04 Ω to 2.106 Ω).

    FEEDBACK AMMETER CIRCUIT
    [ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]
    This circuit is the one mostly used on our instruments. It covers the resistance measurement of high values higher than 2.106 Ω. The principle is indicated in the hereunder diagram.
    The input current flows through the feedback Rc.
    The low level of offset current of the amplifier negligeably affects
    the current l.




    HIGH VALUE RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT
    Using a constant voltage source offers the advantage of defining with accuracy the value of voltage used for the measurement. The choice of this voltage is an important parameter.

    [ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]

    Indeed the value of a high resistance depends of the voltage applied to it. Other factors intervene in the high value resistance measurement. Temperature and relative humidity are two important parameters which influence the resistance value of an insulator. We offer on the latest Sefelec model the measurement of these two physical parameters (M1501P). 0n the following table one can find the approximative resistance value of insulating materials.


    GUARD CIRCUIT
    In order to minimize leakage currents, we offer a guard connection. The guard circuit allows to reduce interferences on the test sample. A terminal accessible on the front panel of our instruments allows the measurement of one of the resistance of a Delta configuration (i.e. a cable with two conductors and its external shielding), so that the result is not affected by the presence of the other two shunt resistances.

    [ندعوك للتسجيل في المنتدى أو التعريف بنفسك لمعاينة هذه الصورة]
    * To this effect the guard terminal is close to the potential of the measuring input of the instrument.
    * The value of Rx, will be defined with great accuracy if the current lx, measured by the megohmmeter's input, is really the current flowing through Rx.
    * Rp1 : symbolizes the leakage between the high voltage (HV) connections and ground.
    * Rp3 - Rp4 : represent the parallel leakage of Rx. If the middle point Rp2-Rp4 is connected to the guard, these leakages will not influence the measurement of Rx.
    * Rp2 : has not influence if the guard is connected to earth.



    _________________

    "لا اله الا الله العليم الحليم،لا اله الا الله رب العرش العظيم،لا اله الا الله رب السموات والأرض ورب العرش الكريم."



     


      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الخميس ديسمبر 08, 2016 12:50 am